The ship’s hull has evolved into a suprisingly subtle shape to meet following requirements which are often in conflict with each other:
Underwater hullform and coefficients
For any ship operating in open water, carrying capacity must be traded off, to some extent, againts seakepping performance. Such hull can be considered as three seprate sections merging into each oter along the ship’s length. The forward and aft sections are finely tapered towards the bow and stern where as the midship parallel body section is box shaped. The proportion of this centre region to the total underwater lenghth varies from one design to another. Ships with fine lines have relatively short length of parallel body where as bluff, of full formed, hulls may be box shaped for over half of their length.
The fine lined hull is more easily driven through the water than the full bodied form but it has a reduced carrying capacity. The hull form also affects other seakeeping qualities, such as the vessel’s rolling and pitching characteristics.
The degree of hull fineness can be expressed in terms of measured ratios, known as hul coefficients. These coefficients compare the actual immersed hull shape to the rectangular of the same overall dimenions. The three most commonly used coeffcients afe follows:
The Lines Plan
The forst stage of building a ship’s is the drawing out of scale plans which accurately defines its three demensional shape on a flat piece of paper. The standard technical drawing approach of three mutually perpendicular views is used to produce plan, side and end elevations but the method is modified to show the changing curvature of the hull in all three dimensions. This is achieved by illustrating slices of the hull at regular intervals in each dimension, as shown below:
When a free-floating body is placed in an offshore marine environment, environment force and moments act on the body,
In the case of a vessel which is undergoing steady motion at slow speeds, that is where the ships
The ship’s hull has evolved into a suprisingly subtle shape to meet following requirements which are often in conflict
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