Settlement, the Environment, and Infrastructure

Settlement, the Environment, and Infrastructure

Developing Interdisciplinary Research in Addressing Environmental Problems

The Research Center for Settlement, Environment, and Infrastructure or Pusat Studi Pemukiman, Lingkungan, dan Infrastruktur (PLI) is an integration of two existing study centers at ITS, i.e. The Research Center for Settlement and Environment and Research Center for Logistics and Infrastructure. The research center, which was inaugurated in 2015, works to develop research, cooperation, and service of science, technology, and art in settlement, environment, facilities, and infrastructure.

PLI Research Center is a member of the Coordinating Agency for Center for Environmental Studies in Indonesia (BKPSL) which has a membership of approximately 100 environmental study centers from all over Indonesia. In 1997 and 1998, PLI Research Center served as head of the coordinating agency. While in 2016 – 2018 PLI Research Center was appointed as Coordinator of Commission for Research and Community Service of BKPSL.

The PLI Research Center has members scattered across departments in Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember (ITS), ranging from undergraduate, master, doctorate, as well as professors with diverse scientific fields. Among others are:

  • Industrial processes, water treatment, and solid, liquid, gas and B3 waste processing
  • Structures, civil buildings, soil engineering, and soil mechanics
  • Energy technology, vibration, air quality, and noise levels
  • Hydrology and hydro-oceanography
  • Land, sea, and port transportation
  • Geotechnical, geological, geomorphological, and hydrogeological
  • Pollution, environmental risk techniques, and coastal area management
  • Spatial arrangement, landscape, architecture, settlement and housing, and building thermal.
  • Environmental Economics and Environmental Law.
  • Biodiversity and eco-dynamics, microbiology, ecophysiology, zoology, immunology, and terrestrial flora-fauna.
  • Ecotoxicology.
  • Socio-economic, socio-cultural, and population.
  • Public health and environmental health.

The research roadmap at the PLI Study Center is focused on three areas and one excellent research with local Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember (ITS) funds. The three areas of research are as follows:

1. Settlement Field

Research activity in this field is developed by a team from the Settlement Laboratory, Department of Architecture, Faculty of Architecture, Design, and Planning (FADP) of ITS. The main research theme in the field of settlement is Sustainability, Affordability of Housing, and Human Settlement and Harmony with Nature. The objective of this research is to produce the settlement and residential design products while preserving local culture and ecosystem. Research topics in the field of environment include:

  • Kampung Settlement and Houses: Improved shelter and villages that have been developed at this time. Research is directed to the preservation of kampung in urban areas while maintaining local culture and wisdom, and the infrastructure and sanitation of the environment are well managed
  • Land and Infrastructure: Research is directed to the arrangement and development of infrastructure in residential areas.
  • Housing by People: Research is more focused on empowering communities in residential and settlements.
  • Formal Housing and Settlements: Research is directed at new, more orderly residential development innovations and real estate area planning.
  • Social, Culture, and Environment: Research focused on the field of environmental preservation associated with social and cultural communities in the study object.
  • Strategic Settlement: Research in planning related to the pattern of population distribution, urbanization, and transmigration.
  • Housing Finance and Management: The research focuses on the areas of management and the pattern of shelter financing for the community.
  • Disaster Management: Research focuses on disaster management both for disaster mitigation and post-disaster.

2. Field of Environment

Roadmap of environmental research is directed to the development of Pollution Control Technology and Environmental Policy and Sanitation. The development of pollutant technology includes three aspects of pollutant sources: pollutant contaminants; domestic and industrial liquid waste; and domestic, industrial, and toxic and hazardous solid waste. The research roadmap also performs research in the field of environmental and residential policy-making as well as technology development and environmental sanitation arrangement.

In 2017-2019, the study focused on handling domestic solid waste, especially on handling non-reusable plastic waste. One of the alternative solutions of non-reusable plastic waste is by destruction through the process of incineration. An environmentally friendly incineration process requires an incinerator equipped with an exhaust gas control unit. As for realizing these long-term goals, research activities need to be implemented through various small research topics as follows:

  • Identify non-reusable plastic waste and search for burning calorific values, and research non-reusable plastic waste combustion techniques to find the ratio of air and material to achieve self-burning conditions.
  • Research and design of exhaust gas emission control system of non-reusable waste plastic burning
  • Planning and manufacturing of environmentally friendly incinerator prototypes consisting of incinerators and exhaust gas emission control systems.

3. Infrastructure Sector

Research activities in the field of Infrastructure are more focused on areas such as sustainable transportation and materials development for infrastructure.

  • Research on sustainable transportation leads to traffic engineering innovation and road load management.
  • Research on the development of materials for infrastructure is focused on the utilization and recycling of solid waste into environmentally friendly building materials.
  • Research on structural engineering topics is more developed by the civil engineering department, especially in structural engineering. The research activities are focused on innovation of building structure engineering.

In conducting research and activities, PLI Study Center has partners from various sectors, from industry and government. Institutions that have worked with the PLI Study Center are as follows:

  • PT. Semen Gresik (Persero) Tbk.
  • SPE Petroleum Ltd
  • PT. Pertamina (Persero)
  • PT. PGN (Persero) Tbk
  • PT. PGN Gagas (Persero) Tbk
  • PT. Petrokimia Gresik
  • PT. Perkebunan Nusantara X (Persero)
  • PT. Energi Mineral Langgeng
  • JOB – Pertamina Petrochina East Java
  • PT. Ketapang II Ltd
  • Husky Oil (Madura) Ltd
  • PT. Energi Mineral Langgeng South East Madura Block East Java
  • PT. Hutama Karya (Persero)
  • PT. Tri Wahanan Universal
  • PT. Multi Baja Industri
  • PT. Pakuwon Jati
  • PT. Pelindo III (Persero)
  • PT. Pelindo III (Persero) Cabang Tenau Kupang
  • PT. Hutama Karya (Koperasi Reka Sejahtera)
  • PT. Indogas Karya Dwiguna
  • PT. PLN (Persero)
  • PT. PLN (Persero) Unit Induk Pembangunan JBTB I
  • Saka Indonesia Pangkah Limited
  • Bank Indonesia
  • PT. Maxpower Indonesia
  • PT. SGG Energi Prima
  • PT. Pertro Jordan Abad
  • Pemerintah Kabupaten Blitar
  • PD. Taman Satwa Kebun Binatang Surabaya

Center for Settlement, Environment, and Infrastructure Studies
Institute for Research and Community Service (LPPM)
4th-floor Research Center Building
ITS Sukolilo Campus
Surabaya, Indonesia 60111